ART 234 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Saqqara, Medamud, Tutankhamun

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3 Oct 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Egyptian Sculpture and Painting
Stokstad Chapter 3: Art of Ancient Egypt
3,000 BCE
-Palette of King Narmer (Hierakonpolis at the Temple of Horus)
-Established norms of Egyptian art that would prevail for centuries
-Made of green schist, 2 ft tall
-Narmer united upper and lower Egypt
-Horus is in the form of a falcon and he is the protector of pharaohs
-This piece has a ground line, uses hieratic scale, and is from a composite
view
-There are two cow heads, symmetrically placed on a ground line
-Narmer is in hieratic scale to show his importance and is seen from a
composite view
-He wears a ceremonial beard and the crown of upper Egypt, he is holding
a scepter and attacking a man who represents lower egypt
-On the flip side of the palette, Narmer is now wearing the crown of lower
Egypt and his enemies are shown decapitated
-Two intertwined necks represent the joining up upper and lower egypt
-This is temple art, religious art, and it conveys a political message
2,400 BCE
-Pyramids (Giza): not the oldest, but the most famous pyramids
-Khufu: oldest and largest pyramid
-Khafre
-Menkaure
-Khafre (Giza)
-Great Sphinx (Giza)
-Menkaure and a Queen (Giza)
-Seated Scribe (Saqqara)
-Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt (Saqqara)
1,800 BCE
-Rock cut tombs (Beni Hassan)
-King Sensuret (Medamud)
1,300 BCE
-Akhenaten (Gempaaten Temple, Karnak)
-Akhenaten and his Family (Akhenaten)
-A domestic subject is very unusual
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