ART 234 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Black Model, Academic Art, Paul Gauguin

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9 Oct 2016
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German Expressionism #2
German Expressionism #2
Intro
-themes of Urbanism and growth of cities
-1905 -1920 — same time as Fauves
-government hostile towards artists
-artists under attack from government and respond with a sense of anxiety in their
work
-“The Bridge” — functioned like a commune, aggressive but authentic community in
response to superficial society, not a Utopia like Fauvism
-the age of psychiatry
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880-1938
The Artist and His Model, 1907
-uncomfortable, sharp colors
-artist looks menacing, model looks suspicious
-suggestions that he will violate her
-avoiding niceties of academic art
-takes white out of eyes
-communicated sense of aggressiveness
-sharp angles to create emotional tension
-claustrophobic space
Painters of Die Brucke, 1909
-closed in, too close to one another, claustrophobic
-everything in angular
-directness and authenticity of primitive and African
art !
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German Expressionism #2
Reclining Negro Girl, 1910
-black model is avant-gaurd
-model confronts you
-unafraid of sexuality
-a controlling force
-suggestions of African textiles
-compared to “spirit of death watching” by
Gaugin
-model turned away
-not as aggressive as Kirchner’s
Woman in front of a Vase of Flowers, 1906
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