ART 234 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Newsprint, Senyera, Age 12

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3 Nov 2016
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Surrealism #11
Tuesday, October 25, 2016
Surrealism
Surrealism
-an off shoot of DADA art
-primarily in interwar years, 20s and 30s
-you can say it goes on through second world war as well
-chaos of great depression
-rise of national socialists and nazism
-surrealist were interested in
political criticism
chance procedures
biomorphic forms
things that jar are sensibilities
sexuality
blaspheme
-intellectual base in Freudian psychology
-more organized movement than DADA
-more centralized, movement was more planned than Dada movement
-early phase of surrealism 1924-29 is more abstract, painterly, poetic
-the second phase is more illusionistic (Dali)
-themes: dreams, chance encounters violence, sexuality, primal nature of man kind,
playfulness, breaking time, transformations,
Andre Breton 1890-1966
-home was Paris and leader was Andre Breton (1890-1966)
pope of surrealism
sets out to find artists
!1
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Surrealism #11
he wrote a manifesto of surrealism (can never imagine the DADA doing that, it
would be to doctrinaire for them)
-major points: the interior world is more powerful
-automatism: reveal things the consciousness is hiding
-wrote a book of poetry called Magnetic Fields
-he idea is that the images and words in it would be gathered randomly like a
magnetic field but the poetry isn't really random at all
-calling up primal imagery
Georgia de Chirico
-born in Athens
-studied and educated in Munich (which had a big simplistic tradition)
-spent time in Paris and Italy
-interested in literature
-Melancholy of the Street (1914)
-relates to his experience in Italy
-the architecture look like the
foundlings hospital with the arcade
-we see a shadow waiting for a young girl
-a shadow of a statue
-the girl is real but she looks like a
shadow
-arcade runs on forever
-mystery of deep space
-strange light: an interior glowing light,
unvarying
-there is a cart with open doors and left empty — questioning what was it or why it
was there
-resembles dreams of running through something and never reaching the end
-this is a silent painting
-authentic dream imagery
!2
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Surrealism #11
-it has an original mysterious dream like quality that transcends any of the sources
he’s seen
-Enigma of the Day (1914)
-shows the sculpture that leaves a shadow in
Melancholy of the Street
-the box is shown but is closed
-the unending arcade
-Song of Love
-Nostalgia of the Infinite
!3
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