HIST 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Quipu, Machu Picchu, Patrilineality

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21 Jul 2016
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Pre-Contact Americas: The Inca
The Inca = largest empire and the largest the Spanish came in contact with
Andean culture which pre-existed the Incan empire.
Many diff people and languages around the Andes reunited the Andean people
Ayllu- level of small community or village
Ayni- working together, principle of reciprocity
Inca- leader of the Incan Empire
Land is communally owned and distributing the goods of labor. Ideal: socially equal, community
worked together and get a profit
Military tactic- Ayllu were conscripted to expand the Incan Empire different from the Aztecs
milt conquest intimidation of human sacrifices, conquered people has to give tribute and did not
give anything basically relied on fear. Inca did not grow primarily because of milt conquest but
asked of the community to give a labor tribute 2 moths out the year.
Relied on the roads to collect tributes, stability of the empire and messengers were able to
communicate through the Inca roads
Inca had ≠ no form of writing while the Aztecs did have a form of writing (quipu), but did not
figure how to use it
Knots= historical/cultural event, accounting system or binary system
Incas get food in return or contributed to trade and Inca control trade and re-distributed,
who appointed someone to be loyal to him and to be part of the administration.
Machu Picchu- Inca engineering were famous and still in use today as well, capital of Peru,
foundation of the structure
Complex structure-engineering different things that were produced at the time. A place of
worship, lookout post and was constructed to celebrate a war won, summer home
Terra farming - build steps along the side of the mountain and plant stuff on each step and they
were able to expand agriculturally.
Each crop= different crops, one allyu can have diff crops growing, all contribute the crops made
and re-distribute it among the community
Maya and Aztecs woman were shut out politics, could not
hold/inherit prosperity (everything passed from father to son because it was patrilineal society.)
Aztecs were allowed to own property but not able to control it and overseen by a male relative
The Incas were a community that did not own property, parallelism transfer from father to son
and also mother passed on to their daughters by passing their rights.
Ex: Inherit the right to work the land
In common: all woman working in weaving, pay tribute through weaving, Aztecs and maybe
excluded from political. And religion aspects or areas, due to motherly duties and the Incas were
not allowed to participate in some religions practices, Inca gather women were put in the
convent, married off to noble man or the emperor and used human sacrifices were an honor to
Inca roads contributed to small pox and the Spanish conquest.
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