PSYC 256 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Lewis Terman, Robert Yerkes, Sat Subject Tests

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13 Jun 2018
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TESTING INTELLIGENCE
Testing Intelligence
Assess current cognitive abilities across several domains
Evaluate performance relative to the performance of other individuals of the same
age
Standardized scores are computed
o Comparable
o Consistent
Types of Tests
Achievement Tests
o Measure how well an individual has mastered an area
o SAT II, AP
Aptitude Tests
o Designed to predict future performance in specific areas
o Predict capability of learning
o SAT, GRE, LSAT
Stanford-Binet
Alfred Binet
Aim 1: predict academic success for French schoolchildren
AIm 2: identify children in need of special help
Method
o Large question set
o Individually administered
o Tested 200 children 3-15 yo
o Identified age appropriate questions
Resulting Score = Mental Age
Lewis Terman at Stanford University
Translated and applied Binet’s test in CA
Repeated Binet’s method
o Large age-appropriate question sets
o Tested 1,700 children
Sample Stanford-Binet Items
Age 4 → Puppy is a dog, kitten is a ___
Adult → Can describe difference between happiness and elation, virtue and morality
Stanford-Binet
Intelligent Quotient
o (Mental age/Chronological age) * 100 = IQ
o All people, no matter what age, could be measured on the same scale
US Army Tests
Robert Yerkes
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