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Lecture 11

COUN 400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Narrative Therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, William Glasser

Course Code
COUN 400

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Coun Notes 1/26/17
Theory- guiding factor for practicing effectively
o Make the helping process work
o Provides framework for making sense of the multitude of interactions
within the therapeutic relationship
o Some focus on feelings
o Others emphasize gaining insight
o Have clients develop their own insight and express their feelings
o Focus on behavior and developing specific action plans to change
o Focus on clients examining their beliefs about themselves and the
o Focus on past, present, or future for which one is most productive
o Orientations classified into general groups, but overlapping occurs
o Theoretical orientations
Psychodynamic models
Experiential and relationship oriented approaches
Cognitive-behavioral therapies
Postmodern approach
Family systems perspective
Psychodynamic approach
o Provide foundation from which many orientations sprung
o Different from psychoanalysis from Freud
o Contemporary form of relational psychoanalysis
o Alfred Adler developed this approach
o Focus on reeducating individuals and reshaping society
o Focus on internal determinants of behavior like values, beliefs,
attitudes, goals, interests, and perceptions of reality
o Approach is holistic, social, systemic, humanistic, and goal oriented
o Key concepts found in other theories
o Overview
Assume that normal personality development based on dealing
effectively with psychosexual and psychosocial stages
Faulty development is the result of inadequately resolving a
specific developmental conflict
Interest in client’s early history
Understand how past s situations contribute to present
o Key concepts
In depth, long term personality exploration
Personality structure
Consciousness and unconsciousness
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Ego-defense mechanisms
Developmental stages
o Therapeutic goals
Make the unconscious conscious
Restructure personality
Reconstruct childhood experiences to explore, interpret, and
Significant personality and character structure modification
o Therapeutic relationship
Warm detachment
Transference and countertransference are central aspects
Resistances interpretation
o Techniques
Help client gain insight
Bring repressed material to surface
Analytic frame work
Free association
Dream analysis
Resistance analysis
Analysis of transference
Adlerian Approach
o People are primarily social beings, influenced and motivated by
societal forces
o Consciousness is center of personality
o Based on growth model
o Stresses individuals positive capacities to live fully in society
o Personality unity
o Understand world from subjective vantage point
o Social interest- heart of this theory, involves a sense of identification
with humanity, feeling of belonging, and concern with bettering
o Inferiority feelings- motivate to strive for mastery, superiority, and
o Client and counselor work on mutual goals
o Change is aimed at cognitive and behavioral levels
o Control client’s faulty assumptions
o Foster social interest
o Help client overcome feelings of discouragement
o Change faulty motivation
o Restructure mistaken assumptions
o Assist clients in feeling equality
o Mutual respect in client counselor relationship
o Techniques
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