KINE 416 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

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Clients With Metabolic Concerns
Metabolic Syndrome
PT should e sure to ork i ojutio ith the liet’s
physiia & a registered dietitia to esure the liet’s
success in dealing with the various conditions of the
metabolic syndrome
Early intervention that effects weight loss through dietary
changes & increased PA can significantly delay or prevent
the onset of metabolic syndrome
Defined as having 3 or more of the following criteria:
Abdominal Obesity waist circumference >40 inches for & >35
inches for
Hypertriglyceridemia - ≥5 g/dl
Reduced HDL Cholesterol - <40 mg/dl in & <50 mg/dl in
Elevated Blood Pressure - ≥ /5 Hg
Elevated Fasting Glucose - ≥  g/dl
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Characterized by an excessively high (or uncontrolled) blood
glucose level
Signs and symptoms
Increased frequency of urination
Increased thirst
Increased appetite
General weakness
Diagnosis is based on 2 fasting glucose levels of 126 mg/dl or
higher
Chronic uncontrolled diabetes is associated with long-term
damage to various body organs
Leading cause of blindness, renal failure & low extremity
amputations
Type 1 DM
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