SOCL 2001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Total Institution, Peer Group, Blue-Collar Worker
3 pages61 viewsSpring 2018
Course CodeSOCL 2001
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Chapter 5: Socialization
The process of Socialization
• Socialization is the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our
social group and by which we become functioning members of society
• The socialization process begins in infancy and is especially productive once a child begins to
understand and use language
• Socialization is a lifelong process
• It is reciprocal
What is Human Nature?
• The nature vs. nurture debate refers to the ongoing discussion of the respective roles of
genetics and socialization in determining individual behaviors and traits
• Both sides do play a role in making us the people that we are, but we don’t know what degree
they affect socialization
• The story of genie
The Development of the Self
• The self is our experience of a distinct, real, personal identity that is separate and different from
all other people
• Sociologists look at both the individual and society to gain a sense of where the self comes from
• They believe the self is created and modified through interaction over the course of a lifetime
• Charles Cooley believed that one’s sense of self depends on seeing one’s self reflected in
interactions with others
• The looking-glass self refers to the notion that the self develops through our perception of
others’ evaluations and appraisals of us.
• The three steps:
o 1. How we think my behavior appears to others?
o 2. How do others judge my behavior/image?
o 3. How do I feel about this judgment (humiliation, pride, happiness, etc.)?
• George Herbert Mead expanded Cooley’s ideas about the development of the self
• Mead also believed that the self was created through social interaction and that this process
started in childhood (that children began to develop a sense of self at about the same time that
they began to learn language)
• Play and Game Stage
▪ 1 significant other at a time
• Example: kids playing house and takes the role of the mother, one
▪ Several significant others
• Example: mother, siblings, etc.
o The Generalized other
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