SOCL 2001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Total Institution, Peer Group, Blue-Collar Worker

3 pages55 viewsSpring 2018

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCL 2001
Professor
Ramazan Aydogdu
Lecture
5

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Chapter 5: Socialization
The process of Socialization
Socialization is the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our
social group and by which we become functioning members of society
The socialization process begins in infancy and is especially productive once a child begins to
understand and use language
Socialization is a lifelong process
It is reciprocal
What is Human Nature?
The nature vs. nurture debate refers to the ongoing discussion of the respective roles of
genetics and socialization in determining individual behaviors and traits
Both sides do play a role in making us the people that we are, but we don’t know what degree
they affect socialization
The story of genie
The Development of the Self
The self is our experience of a distinct, real, personal identity that is separate and different from
all other people
Sociologists look at both the individual and society to gain a sense of where the self comes from
They believe the self is created and modified through interaction over the course of a lifetime
Charles Cooley believed that one’s sense of self depends on seeing one’s self reflected in
interactions with others
The looking-glass self refers to the notion that the self develops through our perception of
others’ evaluations and appraisals of us.
The three steps:
o 1. How we think my behavior appears to others?
o 2. How do others judge my behavior/image?
o 3. How do I feel about this judgment (humiliation, pride, happiness, etc.)?
George Herbert Mead expanded Cooley’s ideas about the development of the self
Mead also believed that the self was created through social interaction and that this process
started in childhood (that children began to develop a sense of self at about the same time that
they began to learn language)
Play and Game Stage
o Play
1 significant other at a time
Example: kids playing house and takes the role of the mother, one
character
o Game
Several significant others
Example: mother, siblings, etc.
o The Generalized other
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