SOCL 2001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Moodle, Property Crime, Social Control Theory

5 pages49 viewsSpring 2018

Course Code
SOCL 2001
Ramazan Aydogdu

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Chapter 6 Deviance & Social Control
Defining Deviance
Deviance: variation from a set of norms or shared social expectations
Deviant: People who violate these shared expectations
Universal, exists in all societies
It involves a social audience
Perspectives about Deviance
Traditional views
o Absolutists and Moral View (bad vs good)
Bad marriage
o Medical and Social-Pathological View (sick vs healthy)
See them as sick people and they need to be cured from deviance
o Statistical View (red hair, left handed people tattoos)
Deviant from average people
Relativistic views
o Variation by time
Example: cohabitation
o Variation by place
Example: Polygamy, prostitution, nudist beach
When you see someone wearing a swimsuit in a nudist beach, it is
deviant because it is against the norms
o Variation by situation
Example: lying
o Variation by social status
Example: gender
If you see a man who wears heels and lipstick it is usually deviant, but
for a woman it is not because you usually see this
Deviant Behaviors (Social experiment) video
Social Functions of Deviance
Helps to define the limits of social tolerance
Can increase the solidarity and integration of a group
Can indicate defects or inequalities in the existing social organization
Can set in motion steps that lead to social change
Social Dysfunctions of Deviance
Can disrupt social order
Can disrupt the will of others to conform
Can destroy trust
Can divert resources into social rehabilitation and control efforts, which otherwise could be
used elsewhere
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o Example: people who cheat on the exam may not want to study for the exam
Violation of laws
Many types of deviance, rape, robbery, murder are criminal acts
Some deviant behaviors are not considered as crime
What is considered crime is not universal
Felony and misdemeanors
Types of crimes
o Violent crime
Homicide (murder), forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault
These crimes involve a victim
A violent crime occurs every 26.3 seconds in the United States
o Property crime
Burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson
A property crime occurs every 3.9 seconds in the United States
o Victimless crime
Prostitution, illegal gambling, public drunkenness, illegal drug use, etc.
Although these are classified as “victimless,” often have negative consequences
for society
o White collar crime
Committed by government or corporate employees
Includes fraud, tax evasion, embezzlement, price-fixing, toxic pollution, bribery,
and political corruption
Corporations can be charged with white-collar crimes, not just individuals
They are called white collar crimes because people who commit these crimes
usually are very high in society.
o Organized crime
Consists of groups organized to carry out illegal activities through violence such
as distribution of drugs, loan sharking (lending money at high rates)
Organization ahs a strict hierarchy (lords and lower levels who follow orders)
and maintain control with bribery, threats, even violence
Legitimate businesses can served as “fronts” for illegal activities
o Juvenile crime
Refers to the age (under 18) of the offender rather than types of crimes
The most common juvenile crime is theft-larceny
Recidivism, repeating criminal behavior after previous punishment, has been a
concern for juvenile offenders
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