SOCL 2001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Moodle, Conflict Theories, False Consciousness

5 pages77 viewsSpring 2018

Course Code
SOCL 2001
Ramazan Aydogdu

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Chapter 7
Understanding Social Differentiation:
o The process by which different statuses develop in any group, organization, or society
o People are usually not ranked as high or low based on these traits (beliefs, religion, age)
o Ranking of people according to their class, status, power, and SES (different access to
resources, power, and perceived social worth)
Every society has some form of social stratification, and some societies group
people on different criteria (wealth, class, occupational prestige)
Where people rank in stratification system influences every part of their lives in
profound ways
What food they eat, where they shop, what clothes they were, where
they go to school, how much income they earn
Where does stratification exist?
o Assets, wealth, money “class”
o Prestige, honor, respect
o Power and influence
o Education, occupation, income and socioeconomic status
Social classes in the United States
o Upper Class
Wealthiest people in the US
Make up 1% of the population
Possess most of the wealth of the country
The ratio of CEO pay to factory worker pay rose from 42:1 in 1960 and is
as high as 300:1 in 2000
It was 411:1 in 2005 and 344:1 in 2007
By way of comparison, the same
o Upper Middle Class
Refers to people within the middle class that have high educational attainment,
high salaries and high-status jobs
Professionals and Managers
Make up 8% of the population
o Middle Class
White collar administrative workers
Have a broad range of incomes
Make up 45% of the US population
o Working Class
Blue collar workers (involving manual labor)
Less likely to have college degree
Make up 36% of the population
The Working Class households are at risk of falling below the poverty line if a job
holder suddenly becomes unemployed
o Poor Class
Lower literacy levels
8% of the population
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Low educational attainment and disabilities are two of the main reasons
individuals can either struggle to find work or fall into the lower class
Social status
o Among of honor and prestige a person receives from others in the community. It is very
closely related to the individual’s wealth.
o It is acquired by doing and buying things others admire (high-status neighborhood,
attending prestigious schools, holding respected positions such as clergy, doctors, and
o Power is the ability to control or influence others’ behaviors
o Those with power set rules and those without power are expected to follow these rules
o A consistent pattern:
Someone who earns $100k will be ranked higher than a person earing $50k, a
college graduate will be ranked higher than a high-school drop-out, and
someone who is a professional or management occupation will be ranked
higher than a laborer
o Rank these jobs from 0-100 based on occupation prestige
32 bus driver
32 coal miner
78 college professor
35 fur coat tailor
13 garbage collector
71 lawyer
54 librarian
69 mathematician
53 secretary
Sewing machine operator
Shop clerk
Superintendent of a construction job
TV repairman
o The unequal access to scarce goods or resources
It is found in most societies
It is a question of how unequal a society is
How unequal is the United States?
Americans though the richest 20% of our society controlled 50% of the
wealth while the real number is closer to 84%
Median Income: the middle number, not average
o $50,063 for men
o $38,531 for women
o $39,433 for Louisiana
Top earning 20% of the Americans received around 80% of all income
generated in the US compared to the 3.4% made by the bottom 20% of
all earners, those who fall below the poverty line
Rich get richer, and the poor get poorer
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