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SOCL 2001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Juvenile Delinquency, Endogamy, Social Stigma

Course Code
SOCL 2001
Ramazan Aydogdu

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Chapter 11: Family
What is family?
o Traditional Point of view:
Two or more individuals related by blood, marriage, or adoption living in the
same household
o Sociological Point of View:
A social group whose members are bound by legal, biological, or emotional
ties, or a combination of all three
Its members are interdependent and have a sense of mutual responsibility for
one another
Nuclear/Blended Families
o A nuclear family is a familial form that may or may not include a husband and wife, or
their biological children (a single parent and child, a married couple without children, a
married couple with an adopted child, etc.)
o Household is a house and its occupants (80 m. in the U.S.)
o Blended families, composed of at least one formerly married spouse, the children of the
previous marriage or marriages and new offspring
Step-mom/dad and step siblings
Extended/Modified Extended Families
o An extended family is a large group of relatives, usually including at least three
generations living either in one household or in close proximity
There are three types:
o Ex. Elderly couple moves to their children’s house Most
common with Asians
o Ex. Single mom and her children moves to her parents’ house
Most common with blacks
o Ex. Siblings move to their siblings/cousin’s house Most
common with Hispanics
o Modified extended family nuclear family lives separately but maintain connections with
one nuclear families through visits, calls, etc.
Family of orientation and procreation
o Types of nuclear family
Father, mother, and siblings
Spouse, son, and daughter
Ego- is in the middle
Diversity in Families
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o Monogamy- one man is married to one woman (the most proper form of marriage in
the U.S. serial monogamy is acceptable [someone who gets remarried, but at different
o Polygamy- marriage to more than one spouse (polygyny and polyandry)
o Group marriage- in which several men are married to several women
Norms of residence
o Patrilocal- the newlywed couple lives with the husband’s family
o Matrilocal- newlywed couple lives with the wife’s family
o Neolocal- the couple lives alone wherever they want
Norms of descent and inheritance
o Patrilineal system of descent- kinship membership and inheritance are traced through
the father’s line (the children are considered members of the father’s family; key ties
among father, son, and grandson)
o Matrilineal system of descent- the kinship membership and inheritance are traced
through the mother’s line
o Bilateral lineage- the norm is to assign the kinship membership, influence, wealth, and
power to both sides of the family (regardless of the sex, inheritance is passed on in
equal proportions to all children)
Norms of authority
o Patriarchal- the men have the power and authority and are dominant
o Matriarchal- women have the authority and power
o Egalitarian- decisions are equally divided between husband and wife
Norms for choice of marriage partner
o Endogamy- refers to marriage to someone within one’s social group (race, ethnicity,
class, education, religion, region, or nationality).
o Exogamy- refers to marriage to someone from a different social group (some
exogamous norms; marriage between first cousins and between members of same sex).
American Family System
o Emphasizes
Neolocal residence
A modified extended kinship linkage
Bilateral descent and inheritance
Egalitarian decision making
Endogamous marriage
Family Theories
o Functionalism
Views the family as one of the basic institutions of society
Family contributes to the order and stability of the society
Family is universal and take care of society’s need
Make it run smoothly
Almost every society has some sort of family
Family serves several functions in a societies
They suggest at least 5 functions
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