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Lecture 1

HIST 2055 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: The Roots, Tory, British America


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2055
Professor
A.Burstein
Lecture
1

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Drift Toward Revolution 9/24/2013 7:00:00 PM
French and Indian War (1754-1763)
Indians of west side with the French
Fort Necessity founded by Washington
o Forced to abandon it and flee the French
o Washington trying to win favor with Braddock
o Thomas Gates- governor general of Massachusetts
Washington liked him
In charge of putting down rebellious colonists-
beginning of revolution
Friend at beginning of war to Washington, takes
command of Continental army outside Boston and
becomes enemy
Acadians- Cajuns
o Refuse to swear allegiance to King George II
o Run out of town- go back to Europe, North American land
o found land where there could start over, New Orleans
French surrender all territory except New Orleans to the British
William Pitt- doesn’t want to tax colonists for war
o For Pitt; Pittsborow, Pittsburgh
Americans believe they gave a lot to the war effort
7,000 civilians and 7,000 indians
Stamp Act (1765-1766)
Pitt leaves office and sucessors have different ideas towards colonies:
Colonies should help pay for war
Stamps necessary for any paper document used in the British
colonies- embossed stamps
Americans not asked to pay a lot of money; parliament overrules colonial
government and sets prices
Americans believed they were governing themselves for the most
part until that point
British liberty
Mock funerals of “liberty”; rhetoric of “slavery”
Dramatic displays of the popular disaffection
New patriotic personality
Produced effigie of liberty and put it in a coffin; “liberty still has an
existence in the colonies; bury liberty
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Stamp collector resigns- fear; doesn’t want to be against the
colonists
Become increasingly uncomfortable with slavery
Proclamation of 1763: cant expand past the Appalachian mountains
The drift toward Revolution
Non-importation
Declaratory acts- England has the right to tax the colonist
Townshend acts- places a tax on imported lead, paint, glass
Americans declare non-importation; not going to accept anything to
be imported from Britain; wear home spun clothing
Boston Massacre (1770)
Fatal fifth of March
Horrid massacre- only 5 killed
Boston Tea Party (1773)
Not called tea party until 1840
British parliament decides to punish colonists like children
o Close the port of boston and cripple the economy until they
pay for the tea
o Arm of the british empire
Paul Revere’s ride (1775)
Skilled silversmith
Subject of poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Beginning of revolutionary war
Ride to Philadelphia in 5 days
Lexington and Concord (1775)
2 americans killed
british fire blindly and wildly
americans found that british in concord charged down the hill and
behind walls
Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)
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