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Lecture 1

HIST 2055 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Atlantic Slave Trade, Stephen Douglass, Ultimate Power


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2055
Professor
A.Burstein
Lecture
1

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HIST 2055 Ea 2 EssaQuestios
(1) Describe the critical domestic and foreign policy issues that preoccupied the President
and Congress during the administrations of George Washington, John Adams, and Thomas
Jefferson. Explain how each issue exerted a significant--or, more than momentary--
influence.
2. The Haitian Revolution proved a challenge for America’s leaders. All three leaders
chose a different approach of support, each approach tying in with the style of leader
that they projected. Washington’s solution to the sudden intake of Haitians on
American soil was to supply aid to the Island’s white population. Adams changed
Washington’s course of action and aided the rebels in Haiti, strengthening commercial
ties. Jefferson, sympathetic to moral agreements against slavery, although a slave-
owner himself, supported France in the Revolution. Once President, Jefferson cut off all
aid to the rebels and imposed a trade embargo, refusing to recognize Haiti as
independent.
3. One response to the drastic changes in the efforts to support those involved in the
Haitian Revolution, the birth of political parties changed the way America viewed
politics. The First Party System scared Americans as they felt it looked out for the
individual more so than the country as a whole. Federalists and Republicans called
caucuses in Congress and conventions in the states in attempt to gain support for their
candidate. Federalists threw a celebration for Washington’s Birthday and Republicans
marched on July 4 in honor of the Declaration of Independence. In election, voters
gave Federalists the majority, allowing Adams to become President. The Federalists
gained power, creating Acts that sparked a constitutional crisis. Jefferson soon
became a political figure and was able to convince legislature to change their stance
allowing states to determine their own interpretations. Although opposed the
concept of political parties, he recognized that parties allowed the public to watch
and relate the activities of an oppressive government so as the every day citizen can
understand. Adams soon reevaluated his foreign policy and country ahead of the
ideals of the party ending the conflict.
1. President Washington issued a Proclamation of Neutrality, allowing Americans to
trade with all belligerents. American merchant ships claimed the right to pass through
Britain’s blockade of Naval Ports and America quickly took over the sugar trade
between France and its West Indian Islands. American economics skyrocketed and
job opportunities were abundant, as America profited from the turmoil in Europe.
Many American’s welcomed the French Revolution because it abolished feudalism
and established a constitutional monarchy, yet some condemned the new French
government for closing Christian churches and promoting a rational religion. Jay’s
Treaty with Britain forced America to pay compensation for the Revolutionary War,
and Americans were allowed to submit claims for illegal seizures as well as require
Britain to remove its troops from the Northwest Territory.
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