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Lecture 1

HIST 2055 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Harriet Beecher Stowe, American Colonization Society, History Of The Southern United States


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2055
Professor
A.Burstein
Lecture
1

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abolitionism 11/14/2013 7:03:00 PM
- Quakers organize first anti-slavery society, 1775
- American colonization society, 1817
- American antislavery society, 1833 (cause celebre of new generation:
“immediatism”)
- Sarah and Angelina Grinke of South Carolina
Inherited father’s plantation
Freed their slaves- leave South Caroline and relocated to
Philadelphia
Sarah becomes leading feminist
- The liberator
- Slaveocracy
- Abolitionism- the antebellum south had to accommodate contradictory
sterotypes; slaves who were valued, beloved members of the plantation
family; and violence-prone field slaves, whose very physicality raised
fears of rebellion
The southern gentleman thought his vulnerable mistress and
daughters at risk. Planter society was most happy when it perceived
slaves as crude but tame, childlike and uncomplaining.
Crime to teach slaves to read and ride
Haitian revolution
Fugitive Slave Act
The 1850 law made it illegal to aid fugitive slaves escaping north.
The law required northerners t assit authorities in returning
runaways. Trial by jury was denied.
Now northerners feel complicit in the perpetuation of slavery.
Relatively few in the North embraced a modern view of diversity,
but the poisonous compromise hardened their view of southerners
as an immoral breed, whom they derisively called “the slave power”
Rise of underground railroads
Uncle Tom’s Cabin- Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote her powerful, sentimental novel in direct response to the
fugitive slave law
The mother of seven, she emphasized the sanctity of the family,
white or black, and the Christian obligation to accord blacks due
dignity
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