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Lecture 1

HIST 2055 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Lightning, Lenape, Internment Of Japanese Americans

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HIST 2055

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History 2055
Thursday, September 3rd Notes
American Slavery
Slave Trade:
African slavery within Africa was about captured convicts and then sold to be
slaves in other countries armies or as house slaves.
Not so much about skin color.
Prisoners of war or sold themselves because they were so poor, etc.
Some slaves became like family. No sense of imprisonment.
Large percentage of Indian population would die off due to disease. But those
ho reaied did’t hae the ultural alloae to be slaves.
SO when slaves from Africa came, 95% of them came to
Cuba/Haiti/PR/Barbados. Barbados produces sugar. Which requires intensive
labor in bad conditions.
ONLY 5% went directly from Africa to the United States.
EVENTUALLY they went to Africa for the sole purpose of exchanging slaves.
16th/17th century slave exchange became the most profitable type of trade.
Sierra Leone, Liberia, Congo, Angola were all were Portuguese slavery began.
Once the slave survived the Caribbean, then that slave would be able to go to
the colonies in America for work. That way we had stronger and more
sustainable slaves in America.
- 800 sugar plantations on Barbados alone
- Due to the relatively compact nature of its economy, Ne Eglad’s laks ere
never more than 1.5% of the regions population thru 1800, but as much as 40-
40% in The South.
- 30% of blacks in American South in 1650 were free. Institutionalized racism grew
in late 17th, 18th century.
- “laer as’t ased off of origi util aroud 1-1700.
- The ere’t growing southern products in the north, therefore slaves were a
much more dominate role in the south to begin with.
- In the 18th century, skin pigmentation came to be related to behavioral
characteristics; this fed the idea of a separate creation (polygenesis); and of the
eistee of a ilial urse o the dark-skinned.
- Blak Death Blak Magi ad related fors of reifored prejudices go back
to medieval times.
- Indians were thought of as physically and emotionally unsuited for life under
slavery; they were thought capable of assimilation, were Africans were not.
- AS life expectancy rose, the economic value of owning a slave for life increased
and largely replaced seven-year indentures.
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