HIST 2057 Lecture : WEEK 1 Reconstruction To Jim Crow

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15 Mar 2019
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Week 1: Reconstruction to Jim Crow
1
Reconstruction (1865-1877)
- Presidential Reconstruction 1865-1867 (moderate time)
1.) Establishment of Freedmen’s Bureau
a.) March 1865
b.) facilitated the transition from enslaved Africans to a free life
c.) Benefits millions of Africans in the south
2.) Moderate
a.) Old leadership restored to power
b.) Black Codes
i. Resembles life under slavery
ii. Denied blacks the right to vote, serve on juries, bear arms, etc
- Dissatisfaction
- Radical Republicans more aggressive stance- wanted government to take a
more aggressive stance on this
- Reconstruction Act of 1867 (starts “Radical Reconstruction”)
"An act to provide for the more efficient government of the Rebel States"
Reconstruction Act 1867 (blacks right to vote)- divides the south into military sections
watched by federal officials (call for new state governments)
Reconstruction
- Republicans v. Democrats
1.) Republicans- represents the political and economic interests of the free north;
abolitionists
2.) Democrats- white southerners or elite
a.) Proslavery wing
b.) Democratic north who support the machine politics
- New state governments
1.) Carpetbaggers- northerners who had gone south (the suitcases were called
carpetbaggers hence where they go the nickname)
2.) Scalawags- white southerners who cooperated with northern whites
- Amendments- 1866 Civil Rights Bill
1.) 13th Amendment (1865)- abolished slavery
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Document Summary

Week 1: reconstruction to jim crow: reconstruction (1865-1877) March 1865 b. ) facilitated the transition from enslaved africans to a free life c. ) benefits millions of africans in the south. Denied blacks the right to vote, serve on juries, bear arms, etc. Radical republicans more aggressive stance- wanted government to take a more aggressive stance on this. Reconstruction act of 1867 (starts radical reconstruction ) "an act to provide for the more efficient government of the rebel states: reconstruction act 1867 (blacks right to vote)- divides the south into military sections watched by federal officials (call for new state governments, reconstruction. Republicans- represents the political and economic interests of the free north; abolitionists. Carpetbaggers- northerners who had gone south (the suitcases were called carpetbaggers hence where they go the nickname) Scalawags- white southerners who cooperated with northern whites. 14th amendment (1868)- ensures basic rights for all citizens. 15th amendment (1870)- right to vote despite race: white opposition.

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