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Lecture 3

HIST 2061 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Goldbricking, Stono Rebellion, Charleston, South Carolina

Course Code
HIST 2061

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Slavery In The Colonies
I. Take Aways
A. Racism develops to justify slavery
B. CHATTEL slavery develops in response to American work regimes
(material circumstances)
1. Developed over decades
2. Racialized plantation slavery
3. Contact with Native Americans and European Americans builds
the culture in America
II. Evolution of Slavery
A. New material reality = new african american culture
B. Native Americans
1. British develop Native American slave trade which affects their
2. Had a different relationship with African Americans
a) Some provided refuge
b) Some became slave owners and helped British crush slave
c) Some African Americans participated in the North
American slave trade, helping the British capture them
d) Frequent social and sexual contact
3. Mississippian culture (900-1300 CE)
a) Large urban centers are located near modern day St.Louis
b) Divisions and resistance
(1) Disease and slavery
(2) Warfare and dramatic climate change contributes to
the downfall of Mississippian culture
(3) Agriculture
(a) Tobacco
(b) Corn
(c) Potatoes
(d) Pumpkins
(e) Beans
(f) Squash
4. British North America
a) Poverty and Protestantism/British Monarchy
b) Compared to the France, the British were very poor and
could not claim the new land in the Caribbean
c) British were able to claim Atlantic seaboard regions
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d) New World Timeline
(1) 1497: John Cabot voyage to North America
(2) 1580s: Failures/ Newfoundland and Roanoke
Island, Nc
(3) 1607: Jamestown Founded
(a) John Rolfe
(b) Tobacco
(c) Used European laborers to produce
(d) 1st permanent British settlement north of
(4) 1632: Maryland was established as a haven for
persecuted english catholics
(a) 3% of the population was black
(5) 1640s: Africans could not be Christian or bear arms
(6) 1640: Lifetime servitude
(7) 1660: Child servitude
(8) 1662: Children and condition of the mother/
fornification fine
(a) If “negro” was involved the fine was
(b) Natural condition/ African = slave
(c) If they followed the condition of the father,
those who were fathered by their slave
owner would be free
(9) 1669: Murder exemption/ slave = chattel
(a) If you kill a slave and you’re white, you will
not be convicted
5. African American Population
a) Unfree labor
(1) Not considered slaves yet
(2) Earliest africans
(3) First Africans (1619)
(a) 32 Africans, 15 men, 17 women
(i) Had similar indentured contracts
until price spent on them could be
(ii) In August, 20 more Africans were
traded to the colony by a Dutch
(iii) Balanced sex ratios
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(iv) English did not have any rules
regarding slavery yet
(4) Slave laws and indentures
(a) African indenture
(i) Land owning
(ii) Courts
(iii) Officials
(iv) Voting
(v) Were able to work off their time and
be set free
(b) Moved to slavery (1640-1700)
(i) Shift from indentured to slave
(ii) Caribbean precedents (1625-1650)
Only 23 blacks lived in Virginia during the
By 1642, 300 Africans lived in Virginia
(iii) Many of the Angolans bought over
by Portuguese were Christian and
under British law could not be sold
(iv) New opportunities for poor British
(v) British history with foreign
(vi) British control of slave trade
decreased captive prices
(vii) Slave codes/ control of slave persons
v. slave labor
(i) Can not testify
(ii) Can not own
(iii) Can only travel if they
have one
(iv) No more than 4 slaves
in a group
Many prohibitions
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