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Kinesiology Notes

Kinesiology: Professional Courses/Basic Activity Courses
Course Code
KIN 2503

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Kinesiology Notes 2/13/2012 2:27:00 PM
Protective Equipment
Safety, durability, tested, fit, design, purpose, functional
Regulating Agencies
International organization for standardization (ISO)
American national standards institute (ANSE)
U. s. Consumer products safety commission (CPSC)
American society for testing and materials
National Operating Committee on standards for athletic equipment
Off-the-shelf vs custom
Pre made fitted to individual
Immediate use specific sizing and needs
o Custom-better fitting/very good at protecting/has to cover all
o Heat molded-put in hot water and then bite down to form
mold/not most ideal for speaking
o Rinse with water after every use
o Occasionally soak in bleach water(once a week)-baking soda
to take away bleach taste
Types of braces
Purpose: prevention
o Prophylactic brace-most common is ankle brace/wouldn’t
wear if you are currently injured
Purpose: protection
o Rehabilitation braces-during rehab, early on/ post surgery/
limits range of motion/ off the shelf, not custom made
o Functional braces-protects but still allows function/ doesn’t
restrict range of motion/ post injury brace/ custom

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Eye protection
o Lenses: polycarbonate- not glass!
Contacts-con: carry extra pair and not protective
Eye guards
o Fast moving projectile sports
Shoulder pad designs
Flat (non-cantilevered)
o Commonly worn in skill positions that require less bulk and
more ROM (QB, WR, DB)
o Commonly worn in positions with frequent collisions
All shoulder pads should cover sternum and collar bone and top of
shoulders and cover all ribs, deltoid muscle on arm. Movement tests
once shoulder pads are on
Don’t modify the equipment-if it isn’t working get a new one
Optional lower back protection, to protect kidneys (a lot of running
backs use this)
Thorax and genital protection
Chest protectors
o Commotio cordis- compresses the heart and can cause
cardiac arrest because the ribs are still weak and developing
Rib guards
Hip and tailbone pads-required for football
o High velocity projectiles
Running shoe anatomy
Shape of shoe
o Straight lasted shoe
o Curved lasted shoe
Shoe construction
o Board
o Slip

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o Combination
Types of midsole
o Dual-density midsole
o Single-density midsole
Ear guards
Required in water polo, boxing, and wrestling
o Cauliflower ear- wearing loose or no ear guards. Caused by
the friction of the cartilage rubbing against the skin and
causing bleeding. Must be drained within 36 hours.
All helmets should have the NOCSAE seal
Inspect to make sure there is no cracks or indentations
Should not be any metal exposed on the facemask
Very important that the screws are not rusted
There should always be a warning sticker, can’t be covered or
All padding must be intact
Facemasks and shields
o Size based on position and if they had a previous injury
o College ice hockey must wear face protection/pros optional
Riddell Revolution ($180-240)
o Extra padding around jaw to reduce concussions
Xenith ($399)
“impact testing”
o sensors were placed inside helmet and a computer on the
sideline. If someone gets a concussion, they can go back and
look at the amount of force on a certain part of the helmet
hair should be wet when fitting helmet
should be rolled on instead of just placed on
ear holes must line up
back pad covers base of skull
1-2 finger width between eyebrow and top of the helmet
3 fingers between nose and facemask
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