9 13 13 Notes

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15 Mar 2019
School
Course
Professor
POLI 2070
9/13/13
Legitimizing Policy Choices
Legitimacy “a belief on the part of the citizens that the current gov’t represents
a proper form of gov’t & a willingness on their part to accept the gov’t’s decrees
as legal & authoritative” (p.95)
Legitimacy
o Is a psychological property
o Substantive as well as procedural
o Is a variable & a constant
o Each policy choice must be legitimized
Modes of legitimacy
Characteristics of Decisions
Majoritarian
Nonmajoritarian
Range of Actors
Mass
Referendums;
initiative;
deliberative
democracy
(revolutionary/very
powerful interest
group)
Elite
Congress
Courts;
administrative
regulation
Legislative legitimization
o Congress source for primary legislation; framework for other bodies to
operate
o Retains great oversight/supervision
o Relies on procedural legitimacy (movement of bill through many portions
of Congress imagine as legitimacy checkpoints)
o Depends on building majorities
Partisan analysis convincing members that the legislation is
something they all want (design)
Logrolling
Pork barrel legislation
Consequences
o Legislation can not be as productive as possible
o Benefit of the few at the expense of the many
o Hard to reduce the size of unneeded programs
o Legislation may be confusing & ineffective if it expresses conflicting
interests
o Preferences are difficult to ascertain (one vote principle)
Second round legislation moves to administrative agencies giving Congress the
possibility of oversight & budget control (Congressional Oversight Panel)
Regulations & the administrative process
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