8 30 13 Notes

6 views2 pages
15 Mar 2019
POLI 2070
Complexity of the U.S. system
o Many structures but no real organization lack of coordination, coherence &
o Lack of central control is intentional
o Caused development for policy areas to remain independent of central
o Advantages of fragmentation
Full deliberation more decision means less errors & more innovation
Central gov’t less likely to abuse the rights of citizens & interest of
socioeconomic groups
Multiple access points (losers at one level can be winners at another)
o Disadvantages of fragmentation
Difficult to accomplish anything
Gridlock or divided gov’t issues
Policy areas may cancel out progress for other areas
o Constitutional allocation of gov’t powers btwn. the federal & state gov’ts
o State given all powers not expressly given to federal gov’t
o Supremacy of federal law when a direct conflict exists
o Different models of federalism
Layer cake federalism or separated powers model
Clear distinction btwn. powers of federal & state gov’ts
Marble cake federalism
Gov’ts mixing
Roles not as clear
Picket fence federalism
Policy areas become focus rather than levels of gov’t
o Slow move generally in the centralized direction (although this has been
questioned recently)
o Control of more local gov’ts can be absolute (mandates) or flexible (some
grant process)
o Funding is most effective tool for compliance
o Boom of local gov’t development particularly the special districts which are
meant to circumvent restrictions from other levels
o Grant system, though, has had a centralizing effect
Separation of powers
o Distribution of power among 3 branches of gov’t
o Checks & balances
o Veto points”
Point at which a progressing policy can be overturned
o Makes the task to policy formation uniting a coalition across the different
levels of gov’t
o Text includes bureaucracy much like a 4th branch
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.