➢ History of Natural Resource Conservation
o Conservation in the US
▪ Many papers and books written about the enviorment in the
1960s and 70s
o Paul Ehrich professor at Standford
▪ Dire prediction about human population growth and resource
o Barry Commoner
▪ Four laws to ecology
• Everything is connected to everything else
• Everything must go somewhere, there is no waste in
• Nature knows best, technological “improvement” is
likely to be detrimental
• There is no such thing as a free lunch
o Conservation ultimately depends on a sense of stewardship
▪ Ensuring sustaniblilty by taking care of the resources that
support life on the planet
▪ The most important part of conservation
o Move from frontier ethics to conservation ethics
▪ What is right, what is wrong
▪ If conservation is a virtue, it is then a function of ethics and
▪ Do we have history of strong conservation ethics in the US?
➢ Ethics and Stewardship
o Where do we stand ethically regarding out natural resources?
o How would we determine the ethical views of the American public
regarding our natural resources?
▪ Survey design-sampling bias?
▪ Survey questions-wording critical
• Clear and understandable for intended audience
• Not leading or biased
▪ Survey distribution
• Stratified random?
▪ Survey format-mail, email, telephone
o Why do surveys?
▪ Identify differences in ethical viewpoints by region, age,
gender, education, income level, etc.
▪ Development of public policy in democratic societies
➢ Natural Resource Conservation