SOCL 2001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Public Sociology, American Sociological Association, Stratified Sampling

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28 Apr 2016
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Apply sociological perspective
Mills and social context
Every society has a history
Origins of manly and girly
oWhen our country first started men had the right to vote and own property not women
oWomen were more tied to 3 Ks children, cooking, cleaning
oExample is the show “leave it to beaver”
Everyone has a biography
Your experiences/ideas of “manly” and “girly”
oManly – being unemotional, talking in a deep voice
oGirly- dressing girly (dresses, skirts)
External influences  thoughts and motivations
Consequences?
oYoung children are taught what is girly and manly
oGirls are dressed in dresses or wear bows
oCan lead to identity conflict
“Neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without understanding
both”
Video: Manly-Daria (14:00 – 16:35) kisscartoon season 3
Origins | Sociological perspective
Social perspective
Examines human behavior within broader social context
How society influences individuals
Social location (group memberships)
blue for boy pink for girls
use to be different in the past pink stand for strength and power and blue stand for calm and
virgin Mary
age is another example of social location religion is another social class
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Origins | European sociologists
Founders
Compte | Positivism- should use scientific method to study society
Spencer | “survival of the fittest” – societies evolve
oBarbarian- civilized
Spencer believe we shouldn’t interfere and try to reform society, whereas Compte believe we
should interfere to help for example the poor
Shortcomings from their research is they did informal observations their ideas were not tested
Marx
Economics-key to social change
Class conflict- bourgeoise (owned means of production) and proletariat (didn’t own)
Prediction-revolution resulting in classless society and no exploitation
He believed class conflict would become a physical conflict predicted the proletariat would
group together and fight the bourgeoise
Shortcoming there is no middle class
Weber
Disagreed with Marx’s idea
Religion- key to social change
Protestants- fate unknown until Judgement Day
oInspired Protestant Ethic – lived frugal lives, work hard, bc success economically was a sign god
would allow them to enter heaven
oProtestant Ethic has led to the creation of capitalism
Durkheim
Less social integration  higher suicide rates
Suicide rates- males > females, Protestants> Catholics and Jews, Unmarried > Married
oMales more independent, protestants encourage to be more free thinking and be an
individual, single ppl less likely have strong ties to society
Origins | North American Sociologists
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Du Bois
Cofounder of NAACP
Studied black and white race relations
Embraced Marxism
African American
Addams
NAACP and ACLU co-founder
Campaigned for 8 hour work days anti-child labor laws
Women
Differ from European Sociologists
Weren’t white men
Differ in what they believed the role of sociology in the world
Origins | Sociology Purpose? Pg. 12
Basic sociology- focus on research for the sake of knowledge
Applied sociology- use sociology for social change
Public sociology- use sociology to inform how to make social change, like change in laws
Example: Spencer is a basic sociologist, didn’t think you should interfere
Example: Addams is a applied sociologist, wanted to make change
Attendance Matters falls under public sociology used it to make rules like required
attendance
ASA (American sociological association) falls under applied sociology reduced racial
discrimination
Pro of using basic sociology more time in research con doesn’t help society
Public sociology pro making positive changes to rules and laws con can have negative
consequences to the rule change
Applied sociology pro not as formal as public sociology benefits society con enable
society can’t do things independently
Theories | Symbolic interactionism
Symbols
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Document Summary

Your experiences/ideas of manly and girly : manly being unemotional, talking in a deep voice, girly- dressing girly (dresses, skirts) Consequences: young children are taught what is girly and manly, girls are dressed in dresses or wear bows, can lead to identity conflict. Neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without understanding both . Video: manly-daria (14:00 16:35) kisscartoon season 3. Compte | positivism- should use scientific method to study society. Spencer | survival of the fittest societies evolve: barbarian- civilized. Spencer believe we shouldn"t interfere and try to reform society, whereas compte believe we should interfere to help for example the poor. Shortcomings from their research is they did informal observations their ideas were not tested. Class conflict- bourgeoise (owned means of production) and proletariat (didn"t own) Prediction-revolution resulting in classless society and no exploitation.

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