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Lecture 1

SOCL 2001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Protestant Work Ethic, American Civil Liberties Union, Class Conflict


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCL 2001
Professor
nilepatterson
Lecture
1

Page:
of 5
I. Sociological Perspective
a. Mills & social context
a.i. Every society has a history
a.i.1. "Manly" and "girly"
a.i.1.a. Started in the early Victorian society, patriarchal society
began to rise
a.i.1.b. Men worked
a.i.1.c. women stayed at home
a.i.1.d. Reinforced by the bible
a.i.1.e. "American Dream"
a.ii. Everyone has a biography
a.i.1. Your experiences of "manly or girly"
a.i.1.a. You "throw, hit, etc…" like a girl/man
a.i.1.b. Male sports are covered more in media
a.i.1.c. Only women can cook, household chores, take care of
kids…etc
a.i.1.d. Maybe regional
a.i.2. External influences ---> thoughts & motivations
a.i.1.a. Consequences
a.i.1.a.i. Conform to expectations
a.i.1.a.ii. Most homosexuals in earlier times hid their trues
elves because they wanted to conform to society
Now if you don’t agree with the
governments vote on homosexuality you are persecuted
a.i.1.b. Origins
a.i.1.a.i. Examines human behavior within broader social
context
a.i.1.a.ii. How society influences individuals
a.i.1.a.iii. Social location: group memberships within society
Gender
19th century Europe
Pink - strength, power
Blue - calm , virgin mary
a.i.1.a.iv. Founders: Reform Society?
Comte - positivism
Should use the scientific method to
study society
Spencer- "survival of the fittest"
Societies evolve
Barbarians ---> civilized
Marx : Shortcoming?
Economics - key to social change
Class conflict - bourgeoisie &
proletariat
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Prediction - revolution results in
classless society and no exploitation
Weber
Religion - key to social change
Protestants fate unknown until
judgement day
Inspired protestant ethic: lead
to capitalism
Significant because it makes people
want to work harder
Controversial: if you have more
money you are likely to go to heaven
Durkheim
Less social integration ---> higher
suicide rates
Suicide rates
Males > females | protestants
> Catholics and Jews| unmarried > married
Males are most likely to commit
suicide because society expects more
from the man
Du Bois
Co-funder of NAACP
Studied: black/white relations
Embraced Marxism
Addams
Co-founder of NAACP & ACLU
Most successful sociologist
Campaigned for : 8 hour workdays
Women's rights
a.i.1.a.v. Sociology's purpose
Basic sociology
Analyzing some aspect of society
with no goal other than gaining knowledge
Audience
Fellow sociologists and
anyone interested
Product
Knowledge
Constructs theory and testing
hypothesis
Research on basic social life, on how
groups affect people
Public sociology
Middle ground between research and
reform
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Audience
Policy makers
Product
Recommendations
The middle ground: criticisms of
society and social policy
Analyzing problems, evaluating
programs, and suggesting solutions
Applied sociology
Using sociology to solve problems
Audience
Clients
Product
Change
Implementing solutions (clinical
sociology)
a.Theories
i. Symbolic
Hands
Waving to say 'Hi"
Raising your hand
Thumbs up
Sensing direction
Rude gestures
Sign language
Manipulate other symbols
To count on
Potential for miscommunication
Different cultures have different gestures
Pointing and they see you
Handshakes
Holding hands
Key to understand worldviews & human
communication
Define our relationships
Microsociology
Social interactions (face-to-face)
Language
Written
spoken
Facial Gestures
Lights
Body language
Religious symbols
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find more resources at oneclass.com