AMS 207 Lecture 9: AMS 207 Notes 4-14

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11 May 2017
Monopoly Capitalist City, 1900-1930s
- Related to capitalist boom after long period of upheaval *1870-90); geographical concentration
of production (steel; autos; stockyards) in central cities with an increased division of labor and
concentration on laborers
- Separation of mental and manual labor
- Expansion of corporate HQs, suburb, and exodus of some production into satellites to escape
labor pressure
- Widespread growth that ends with Great Depression
State-Managed Capitalist Metropolis, 1945-1970s
- Assoiated ith Keyesiais: through Keyesia poliies of dead stiulatio, state-
directed investments, ad social welfare programs, the state intervene more deeply into the
produtio proess tha eer efore.
- Larger suburbanization and other decentralization o production, consumption, and capital
investment: shopping mall, GI Bill, civil defense incentives to decentralize
- Fords Willow Run Plant, 1950s
- Negatives effects on Rustbelt cities
Neoliberal Period
- Writing in 11982 Soja was inky aware if the beginning of the neoliberal period in capitalist-urban
development, but he hits on lots of main points; transnationalism and outsourcing, opening new
markets, labor changes (lower wages, deindustrialization, race to the bottom); rise of info
technology; rise of corporations; financialization; elimination of smaller businesses; rise of
engineering and other professional work; and greater flexibility in production; service work
- “oja: eo-Fordis
“oe of “oja’s ideas
- International division of labor
- Deconcentration of production
- Increase in surplus value extracted from labor
- Decrease in manufacturing jobs
- Increase in immigrant labor
- Fragmentation of production
- Dispersal within the US to lower cost areas
Why the Shift: WWII and Keynesianism
- WWII pulled people into cities where manufacturing was intensified
- Dams, defenses, air travel NASA: federal investment
- Los Ageles Before the Highays. 1953
- Cold War encourages decentralization from North and East to South and West.
Neolieralis ; Friedsly Busiess liate
- Incentive to Industry: Low corporate and business taxes
- Low interest loans and subsidies to businesses
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