GEO 201 Lecture 7: Visual Landscape of Streetcar suburb

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4 Feb 2017
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Real%Estates)%The%Visual%Landscape%of%a%Streetcar%Suburb%!
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Industrial%City%1880)1930%
" Expansion!of!railroad!
o Influenced!network!of!cities!and!also!their!internal!layout!!
" Rise!of!manufacturing!belts!!
" Greater!segregation!
o Income!and!ethnically!!
" Major!infrastructural!improvements!!
" Intense!pressure!of!land,!land!use!zoning.!!
o Competition!for!housing,!factories,!businesses,!etc.!!
" Wealthy!leave!for!streetcar!suburbs!
" Upper!and!mid!class!leave!city!!
" Business!locate!at!Hub!!
" End!of!rail!lines!become!amusement!sites!!
o Rail!line!industries!put!amusements!sites!at!ends!to!boost!weekend!
ticket!sales!!
" Racial!segregation!begins!!
o See!transition!of!African!American’s!moving!from!south!to!seek!out!
jobs!in!the!north.!!
" CBD!emerges!at!hub.!!
!
Railroad%Suburbs!
Emerged!in!1880’s,!elites!establish!country!estates!at!towns!far!from!business!
core.!They!also!still!keep!apartment!in!city.!!
" New!Roche,!NY!
" Tarrytown,!NY!
" Bryn!Mawr,!PA!!
" Burlingame,!CA!
!
Electric%Streetcar%
Urban%Transportation%Innovation%%
Electric!streetcar!introduced!by!Frank!Sprauge,!Richmond,!VA.!!
" Way!of!tying!urban!expansion!with!transportation!!
" Typically!were!privately!owned!and!operated!
" Designed!to!bring!middle!class!back!and!forth!to!work.!!
!
Street%Car%and%Suburbination%%
Streetcar!operator/owners!bought!large!parcels!of!lands!along!streetcar!lines!they!
planned!to!build,!subdivided!and!sold!parcels!for!housing.!!
!
Development%of%Lakewood,%OH%%
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