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PSY 111 (36)

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PSY 111

BRPI—Blatantly Ridiculous Personality Inventory  Providing Feedback in class to 10 Students  Students rated feedback on 1-5 (often rated 4s and 5s)  Explanation: Items generally tend to be favorable, and have high base rates (true of most people)  Barnum Effect—you can easily fool people by using general statements Traits—summary term for consistencies in behavior  Gordon Allport o found that there were 18,000 personality traits (but some are synonyms) o Had students describe someone in a paragraph. Most described 5-10 traits  7 +/- 2 is the capacity of short-term memory  The big 5 (OCEANS) o Openness to experience  Creative to conforming o Conscientiousness  Responsible to undependable o Extraversion (to introversion)  First among equals (it is pretty much impossible to hide your level of extraversion)  Research suggests that this is the trait with the largest genetic component o Agreeableness  Good natured to irritable o Neuroticism  Emotionally stable to unstable o Facts  Can be used to describe individuals who are normal and those with disorders  Depressed individuals  Low in extraversion  High in neuroticism  Average on other 3  We tend to use traits that follow the big five in describing those we know. eHarmony uses the Big 5 to match people  Job Performance: High Conscientiousness, low in neuroticism, high in agreeableness  Extraversion associated with success, particularly in jobs such as sales  Presidents’ ratings of historical greatness correlated with openness to experience  Conscientiousness correlated with physical health and life span Measuring personality  Observation  Interviews (Prefer Structured Vs. Unstructured)  Psychological Tests o 3 Measures  Reliability (r=?)  Norms—collection of scores that allow us to put ourselves in perspective. (Normal Curve)  Validity o Types of Personality Tests  Objective (set scoring rules in advance  MMPI-2  most frequent in the world, used for FBI, etc.  Compare responses of “normal” individuals with those with individuals with diagnosed psychological disorders. Responses that
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