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Lecture 2

SOC 153 Lecture 2: Ferrante Chapter 2

5 Pages

Course Code
SOC 153
Jaylene Liang

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Ferrante Chapter 2 3 Major Sociological Paradigms: Sociologists draw on three broad perspectivesfunctionalist, conflict, and symbolic interactionto guide analysis of any trend, issue, or situation. Functionalist Perspective: Functionalists focus on how the parts of society contribute in expected and unexpected ways of maintaining an existing social order. They also focus on ways parts can disrupt that social order. - Functionalists define society as a system of interrelated, interdependent parts. To illustrate this vision, functionalists use the human body as an analogy for society. Function: The contribution a part of a society makes to an existing social order. Social Order: Refers to the way people have organized interaction and other activities to achieve some valued goalto take care of the sick, to pass on knowledge, to encourage interest in robots, and so on. Manifest Function: Intended or anticipated effects that a part has on the existing social order. Latent Function: Unintended or unanticipated effects that a part has on the existing order. Dysfunctions: Disruptive consequences of a part to the existing social order or some segment within that social order. Manifest Dysfunctions: A parts anticipated disruptions to an existing social order. Latent Dysfunctions: Unintended, unanticipated disruptions to an existing social order. Critiques of functionalist perspective: Strength: it gives a balanced overview by considering a parts intended and unintended consequences to the existing social order. Weakness: it leaves us wondering about a parts overall effect on that order. Conflict Perspective: The conflict perspective focuses on conflict over scarce and valued resources and the strategies advantaged groups used to create and protect the social arrangements from which they benefit. Faade of Legitimacy: An explanation to justify the existing social arrangements that downplays or dismisses any possibility that the arrangement advantages some groups over others. Critiques of Conflict perspective:Strength: it forces us to look beyond popular justifications for why particular social arrangements exist, and to ask questions about whose interests are being protected and promoted and at whose expense Weakness: it presents a simplistic profile of those who hold advantaged positions. Symbolic Interaction Perspective: Symbolic interactionists focus on social interaction and related concepts of self-awareness/reflexive thinking, symbols, and negotiated order. Social Interaction: Everyday encounters in which people communicate, interpret, and respond to each others words and actions. - These theorists ask, when involved in interaction, how do people take account of what each other is doing or is about to do and then direct their own conduct accordingly (Blumer 1969)? The process depends on - (1)self-awareness, - (2)shared symbols, and - (3)negotiated order. Self-Awareness: occurs when a person is able to observe and evaluate the self from anothers viewpoint. People are self-aware when they imagine how others are viewing, evaluating, and interpreting their words
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