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Lecture 6

SOC 153 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Breaking Character, Impression Management, Erving Goffman

2 pages27 viewsSpring 2016

Course Code
SOC 153
Steven Nelson

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Social structure:illustrates the macro perspective
Social interaction: illustrates things on micro level(face to face interaction)
Goffman: symbolic interaction, dramaturgy
there is typically a social understanding or agreement for example about what
things are and how they should be used and how we should feel about the quite
apart from the thing itself
Social construction:
Even our very ‘selves’ are socially constructed
we manage what others see in us
strategically present ourselves as a particular kind of person with a
particular identity and ask to be treated as such
Posture: presentation of oneself. Ex: army people dress in certain way, we treat
him like an army man, with respect and honor
Impression management: ex: going to an interview you dress up, you present
yourself as put together and professional
try to make sure everyone sees us the way we’d like to be seen(tends to
be a real struggle)
we do this on the basis of symbols like the brands you are wearing
Dramaturgically: breaking character created by your impression management
Dramaturgy: Life is like a play
backstage: when you are out of character
ex: getting ready in the morning
costumes/props: sets the situation
ex: birthday party: balloons, presents, cake, etc..then you decide
who you are in this scene
teammates: like working at subway
you perform your role, working together with people, you have
scripts specific things to say
we helped each other stay in our roles
we are performing all the time in multiple roles
Don’t you perform differently when”
your out for a night of fun
your visiting you parents work place
your a teammate on the sports field
as a romantic partner at a party
they may conflict
each of these performance we have different scripts, requiring us to do/say/feel different
When people ask “What’s wrong?” it means you aren’t performing your role right
If we do break character we feel embarrassed or people feel embarrassed for you: try to
help them save face(making excuses/cover)
Core Principles of symbolic interaction
impression management
social construction of reality
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