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Lecture 28

SOC 153 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Compact Space, Middle White, Gift CardPremium

3 pages68 viewsSpring 2016

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 153
Professor
Steven Nelson
Lecture
28

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Inequality and Race
South African History
Johannesburg economic capital city
Cape town: wealthy are very wealthy, poor are very poor. This inequality creates crime
When Dutch arrived in South Africa, wasn’t suppose to be a permanent settlement, just a
halfway stop. They stayed longer and started expanding into the country
Many wars started because the Dutch, started to encroach on the country. Diamond and
gold discovered in South Africa
During the same period, British began to arrive. British colonized South Africa. So they
owned the diamond and gold reserve.
British began to put tax on land. Anyone who lived on the land was to pay taxes. People
needed to find ways to pay these taxes to the British. Huge migration to work at the
reserves(From coast to inner land)
30% of country is HIV positive
Where inequality was legislated:
1948 those who had lost war to British came into power. They legislated the segregation
between race.
Allow white people to have exclusive rights to the minerals
Stratification of this system
Black south africans at bottom of ladder
Worst education
Lighter/indian people in the middle
White people at the top
Best education
Through education, you can move up higher in the system. Idea of upward mobility
Doesn’t change the structural injustice
Most don’t have opportunities for education, health system, etc..
Apartheid system
“Separate but equal”
Stratified where you lived(making people choose one tribe or the other)
80% of people, lived on 20% of the landmass(very cramped and compact space)
Blacks had no voting rights until 1994
Power determines who had the ability to make these decisions
Even though apartheid is over, and blacks have some rights, they are still not equal
Political system ended, but economic system did not
If you didn’t have money, you still truly had no power
Any money made from the mineral economy, goes to the country, but to British
companies
Social Inequality: the distance between high and low classes
Social Mobility: the ability to change classes, whether you go up or down.
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