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Lecture 2

SOC 153 Lecture 2: Crime Explanations

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SOC 153
Nelson Steven

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Crime Explanations: ● Each implies a tactic for prevention ● Each is part of a story ● Sociobiological Explanations ○ Genetic predisposition (men commit crimes)/evolutionary role ○ Environmental contaminants ● Psychological explanations ○ Personality disorders ○ Psychological “illness” ● Social Disorganization Theory (the streets of Chicago) ○ The social context you live in ■ Rapid change- no one wants to stay because it’s crappy ■ Collective efficacy- people are already hopeless, no institutions ■ Social controls- not enough police to trust ■ Social cohesion ■ Concentrated disadvantage ● Differential Association Theory- more likely to learn things when you hear them a lot from a person who means a lot to you while young ○ Messages received from important people you’ve spent time with ● Control Theory- we are all bad, but society makes us good, rules keep us in line ○ Outer controls (social control
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