Assimilatation: Park and the Chicago School (1910s) Focus on Assimilation: how to incorporate immigrants (dual meanings: to make like and to incorporate) Park is most concerned with stability he viewed urban industry life, with it heterogeneity, individualism, and anonymity, as inherently unstable Immigrants, because they are new and not rooted, were even more unstable. Park on Assimilation For Park assimilation signals diversity: individuals become more complex and part of more complex social webs. Similar to the contemporary nation of hybridity, where different cultures interact under different cultured interact under a shared set of ruled So assimilating doesnt just mean becoming American. It means being American as well as other things. Its done by choice and enhances a persons choices. But ethical and racial prejudice complicated incorporation. Global and Local: Belonging Culture and heritage are increasingly separated from place meaning that in some sense nationalism has been deterritorialized and diasporas increasingly characterize local populations. Increased mobility and migration bring up the issue of belonging (citizenship) in communities both national and localized. Culture is increasingly independent of place, but incorporation is still adjudicated by the state. Modern Assimilation Today scholars think about assimilation as more complex process Ethnic options But more recent immigrants face racial differences more than in previous generations, and they face a different economy: segmented assimilation Potential to engage in an oppositional culture. Multiple allegiances American Studies Along with polysci, AMS has been one of the most eager to adopt transnational perspectives in place of methodological nationalism. Some new perspectives: imagined communities how do we imagine ourselves as part of a community? Country? State? Family? Quite simply how and why do we imagine what groups we belong to? Steger: three globalisms To Steger, an ideology is a framework for discussing a coherent picture of the world not only as it is, but also as it ought to be. As such ideology offers a vison, a belief system, that provide the public with a set of values and norms that inform discussions of globalization.