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Lecture 12

ANP 443 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Chauvet Cave, Upper Paleolithic, Cave Painting


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANP 443
Professor
A.Michael
Lecture
12

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ANP 443 Lecture 12
Intensive agriculture
A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large
amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
Hunting gathering
The killing of wild animals and fish as well as the gathering of fruits, roots, nuts, and
other plants for sustenance.
"Venus" figurines
small stylized statues of females made in a variety of materials by early modern humans
Burial of the dead
Paleolithic Era, evidence that suggested that early humans believed in life after death
Complete replacement model
Anatomically modern Homo Sapiens first appeared in Africa and migrated to other
areas completely displacing all pre-modern H. sapiens populations without interbreeding
with them.
Upper Paleolithic
Stone tool technologies except Oldowan. Relied heavily on hunting
Atlatl
Is used to increase the distance of a spear throw, Notched throwing stick used by
hunters to propel spears farther and faster.
Lascaux
caves in southwestern France famous for its Paleolithic cave paintings. Upper
Paleolithic
Altamiro
cave painting
Grotte Chauvet
Very early cave paintings in the Upper Paleolithic France - have many images, including
dots, stenciled handprints and hundreds of animal representations.
Neanderthal genome
Sciensts discovered that some population living today still retain some Neandertal
genes.
Eugenics
The philosophy of "race improvement" through the forced sterilization of members of
some groups and increased reproduction among others; an overly simplified, often
racist view that's now discredited.
Endogamy
Mating with individuals from the same group.
Gene pool
All of the genes shared by the reproductive members of a population.
Populations
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and live in the same area
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
1). No mutations. 2). Random mating. 3). No natural selection. 4). The population size
must be extremely large, no genetic drift. 5). No gene flow.. The mathematical
relationship expressingunder conditions in which no evolution is occurringthe
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