Class Notes (837,998)
United States (325,251)
History (164)
HST 202 (80)
Dr.Holden (38)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6

3 Pages
Unlock Document

HST 202

HST 202 Lecture Notes An American Conciousness Frontiers 1/30/13 Daily life for colonial people: • Biggest need was labor • Very different social hierarchy o Indentured servants o Gender roles 1619: • House of Burgess was formed (predecessor to democracy) • First shipment of Atlantic Creoles arrive in Jamestown, Virginia o Not directly from Africa because they were already enslaved by Europeans in the Caribbean o North America only received about 5-7% of the slaves from the Atlantic Slave Trade The Caribbean: • Testing ground for the slave system • Sugar cane was the main cash crop o Originally a luxury good in Europe and used for medicine o Slave labor decreased prices and made it more available and therefore a profitable business o Cultivation and refinement is hard, dangerous work (but slaves were easily replaceable) • Most slaves went to South America, Central America, and the Caribbean Slavery in North America: • Initially the preferred types of labor were different o Wanted to enslave natives because they were already there and colonists didn’t want to deal with the Transatlantic Slave Trade o Indentured servants: Worked for 7 years to pay for their room and board and their ticket across the sea  Voluntary, not indefinite or hereditary role  Not free but had rights  Related to apprenticeship  Popular because many Englishmen were poor and this was their only choice to make it to the New World • Originally legal in every colony though the role of the systems were very different o Societies with slaves (mainly in New England on family farms): Slavery was one of many types of labor forces  Slaves  Indentured servants  Free blacks and whites o Slave societies (mainly in the Carolinas on plantations): Main form of labor that the entire economy was built on was slavery o Chesapeake was unique because it was a society with slaves turned into a slave society • Slave-Labor Crops: o Farm Crops:  Dutch farms  Used slaves  Mid-Atlantic Colonies  Required little labor compared to plantations o Plantations:  Tobacco: • Originally employed indentured servants but slave labor became more preferable • Time consuming (14 month growth cycle) • Hard work o Fragile o Must be harvested, dried, separated, packed, and shipped • Only profitable in large quantities  Rice: Originally grown by West African women as something they knew from back home to eat u
More Less

Related notes for HST 202

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.