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Lecture 7

Lecture 7

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HST 202

HST 202 Lecture Notes Revolution and the New Nation The Road to Revolution I 2/4/13 Start of Tension Between Colonies and Home Country:  Home countries saw colonies as a source of raw materials who they could sell finished goods back to and make a profit from  By the early 1700s, colonies were becoming successful and autonomous due to political and social unrest at home and therefore the King’s lack of power  Colonies in North America were much more self-sufficient and less reliant on their home countries than those in the Caribbean Restoration Period in England:  Re-establishment of the monarchy’s power in England by Charles II (though he abdicated the throne soon after)  Monarchy now had to answer to Parliament North American Growth:  Rapid population increase (both Europeans and Africans/Atlantic Creoles) o 1700: 250,000 o 1750: 1 million o 1774: 2.5 million  Heavily settled colonies around the Appalachian area  Europeans liked a buffer between them and the Native Americans  German settlers were attracted to the tolerant colony of Pennsylvania and brought a lot of diversity  The 13 Colonies: 1. New Hampshire 2. Massachusetts 3. Connecticut 4. Rhode Island 5. New York 6. New Jersey 7. Pennsylvania 8. Delaware 9. Maryland 10. Virginia 11. North Carolina 12. South Carolina 13. Georgia  Transatlantic Slave Trade: o Population of African/Atlantic Creoles in the colonies  1660: 2,920  1760: 300,000 o Sprea war and political/social unrest to the coast of Africa o “Salt Water Slaves”: Slaves directly from Africa  Increased as crop success increased o Africa had cycles of poverty and famine while North America continued to expand with an abundance of food and shortage of labor/capital  Northern vs. Southern Colonies: North South Source of Wealth Trade in raw goods (whale oil, Cash crops fish, grains) Agriculture Small family farms Plantations Social Class- Elite Merchants Plantation owners Population Concentration Urban expansion/cities Slaves on plantations Even prosperity Economy Few wealthy Exports > Imports Labor Force Society with Slaves Slave Society  Cities: o North:  Rapid increase in urban populations (1720):  Boston- 12,000  Philadelphia- 10,000  New York- 7,000  Benefits:  Felt more connected  Popularity of consumer goods  Public entertainment (theaters) demonstrated prosperity  News travelled quickly to both literate and illiterate people  Exchange of ideas o South:  Only port city was Charleston Enlightenment/Age of Reason (1650-1800):  “God and his world could be known through national inquiry”  Definition of knowledge: o NOT found through revelations o Advocated the scientific method o Faith was placed in reason  Understood higher beings differently o Rejected Protestant idea that m
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