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Lecture 9

Lecture 9

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Department
History
Course
HST 202
Professor
Dr.Holden
Semester
Spring

Description
HST 202 Lecture Notes The Revolution The American Revolution - Battlefields 2/11/13  First Continental Congress (Sept. 1774): o Discussed what was happening in the colonies o Lots of disagreement/tension o Came up with some unity (boycotting, demanding rights, asking for representation in Parliament) o Decided to meet again if the Intolerable Acts were not repealed o DID NOT declare independence in hopes that the British would respond kindly so they did not have to go to war with the powerful home country  Lexington and Concord (April 18, 1775): o Cause:  Colonists began to prepare a militia in Massachusetts and stash arms  A Loyalist tipped off the governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Gage, about the arms stash  Gov. Gage ordered the Redcoats (British soldiers) to make a long march to Concord and seize the rebel‟s arms o Lexington:  Paul Revere found out about the raid and made a midnight ride to warn the militiamen that “the British were coming!”  At Lexington, the militiamen stood up to the British army, though they were outnumbered  No one knows who fired the first shot but it became known as “the shot heard „round the world”  The American Revolution had officially begun after 8 Patriots were wounded and 10 died o Concord:  Stopping the British at Lexington had bought colonists enough time to hide their arms so the British found nothing  Colonists got their army together and pushed the Redcoats back to Boston  Battle of Bunker Hill (June 16, 1775): o After Lexington and Concord, the colonists forced the Redcoats to evacuate Boston by sea o Colonists fortified Bunker Hill o Redcoats charged it and failed twice before succeeding the third time o British success let them hold Boston because they received reinforcements and were able to drive out the colonists  Second Continental Congress (Summer 1775): o Occurred during the summer though it was planned to be in March o Original goals:  New England wanted to declare independence  Southern and Mid-Atlantic colonies were hesitant about war and independence because they thought it was expensive, deadly, and provoked by the colonists o Shift in opinion:  Changed their minds to support revolution due to Lord Dunmore‟s Proclamation (November 14, 1775):  Lord Dunmore was forced to flee Virginia  He promised to grant freedom to slaves who fled their owners and joined the British troops  Hoped to weaken the will of Virginia rebels
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