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Lecture 18

Lecture 18

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HST 202

HST 202 Lecture Notes The Looming Crisis Resistance and Rebellion 3/25/13 Manifest Destiny and the Expansion of the American Population: Diversity of reasons to leave the east and go west:  Economic o Cheap land (ex. Sager family) o Cotton plantations  Governmental o Mexican invitation  Religious o Christian missions to Native Americans (ex. Marcus and Narcissa Whitman to the Cayuse- A chief killed Marcus because he believed he was spreading “white man’s disease” to kill off the Indians. Narcissa died being seen as a martyr back east for caring for the Sager kids and fighting the Indians.) o Persecution (ex. Mormons) Jackson and the Expansion of Democracy:  Regions became political sections (called the “era of sectionalism”) o South and West: Democratic o North: Federalist  Expansion of the franchise (number of voters) o Wage labor became more common developing a middle class of craftsmen and city workers who did not own land so they technically couldn’t vote o Settlers out west could not vote due to mortgages o Universal suffrage: No property requirements on voting so all legal age white men could vote  Precedent set by Vermont in 1791 and Connecticut in 1817  By 1819 all states had universal white male suffrage  Excluded African Americans and women o Local governments included more common men and fit with democratic ideas which helped Jackson’s campaign  Jackson and the Seminole o Good image and nicknamed “Old Hickory” for being tough and the symbol of American masculinity  Won the Battle of New Orleans  Stormed into Spanish Florida in 1819 after driving the Seminole out of Alabama for Monroe which created a conflict but John Quincy Adams negotiated a treaty with Spain for the US to get Florida  Election of 1824: o Federalists were fading away leaving Democratic Republicans in power o Democratic Republicans were splitting into two groups (Democrats and National Republicans) so they put up 4 candidates:  John Quincy Adams  Andrew Jackson  Henry Clay  William Crawford o Jackson won the popular vote but the electoral college did not give anyone enough votes  According to the Constitution, the House of Representatives was responsible for choosing a president out of the top 3 (Adams, Jackson, and Crawford)  Clay backed Adams  Adams wins  Clay is made Secretary of State  Andrew Jackson is mad and called the deal between Adams and Clay the “corrupt bargain”  Election of 1828: o Jackson changes the face of American politics o Jackson runs for the Democrats and beats John Quincy Adams who was running for the National Republicans o Contrasts between Adams and Jackson…  Adams  Public servant/ambassador  Old political view  Dad was the well-respected John Ada
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