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Lecture 4

Lecture 4-22-13

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Michigan State University
HST 202

HST 202 Lecture Notes The Reconstruction The Reconstruction I 4/22/13 Results of the War:  The war is over after Lee had surrendered to Grant at the Appomattox Court House  Death toll of the civil war is disputed because of varying records and civilians and slaves were never actually counted  American culture put a huge focus on having a “good death”  Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation had freed the slaves  Total War: Union strategy that destroyed cities and farms in the south  Racism did not die with the war and African Americans learned that freedom did not mean equality Robert Smalls (Movie Notes):  Enslaved man who lived in Charleston, NC and escaped at the beginning of the war to become a national hero  Born to a mother who was a house slave which had allowed her to become slightly educated and in turn pass that on to Robert  Learned skills from his owner, sold tobacco on the docks to make money, and eventually was allowed to be hired out and live on his own  Got married but decided that he was on the wrong side of the war by being in the south so he risked escaping though he feared hurt his family would be hurt if he was caught  Planned to blow himself and the ship up if he was caught rather than be captured  Led a group across the harbor near where the war had started to steal the ship The Planter from the Confederates  Joined the Union and became an important informant and soldier before it was actually legal to do so  Shows that slaves were prepared to fight for their freedom Putting the Country Back Together:  The Three Stages: o Reunion: Question of how the country would reunite was answered by a sympathetic Congress o Radical Reconstruction: Radical Republicans wrestled control of the Reconstruction away from Andrew Johnson and passed radical new amendments to the Constitution o Redemption: Southern Democrats regained control of local politics and reinstituted a policy of racial discrimination  Why did they fight? o The north and south never fully agreed on their reasons for the war o North wanted to preserve the Union and then abolish slavery o South wanted to protect their wealth/property and
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