ISS 210 FARMER CHAPTER 5 22217 Universal Declaration of Human Rights Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and wellbeing of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. Article 25. Liberation Theology Liberation theologys key documents were hammered out at the bishops conventions in Medellin in 1968 and in Puebla in 1978. In both instances, progressive bishops denounced the political and economic forces that immiserate so many Latin Americans. Puebla Document Recent years, the violence against the poor is fostered by two factors: (1) institutional injustice in various social, political, and economic systems; and (2) ideologies that use violence as a means to win power. (Puebla and Beyond, Eagleson and Scharper eds. 1979) Liberation Theology Liberation Theology analyzes both: i) the structural forces and ii) human suffering that create a situation where the rich get richer at the expenses of the poor, who get even poorer. (Leonardo Boff) Preferential Option for the Poor As Leonardo Boff notes, the poor are those who suffer injustice. Therefore, the poor deserve a preferential option against their poverty. A Preferential Option for Medicine The poor are most likely to fall sick, and be denied access to care, and then die prematurely. The preferential option of medicine should be reaching to those who need them most, rather than selling its services only to those who can afford them. If not, it can even constitute of human rights abuse. How to Endsure the Preferential Option for the Poor? Liberation theology argues that genuine change needs to rooted in small communities among poor people; and it advances a simple methodology observe, judge, act. Observe The observe part of the methodology implies analysis.