Masculinity is Homophobia
Bourgeoisie: Owners or leaders of society
200 years ago in America there were two models of masculinity
1. Genteel Patriarch
Ex. George Washington
2. Heroic Artisan
Ex. Shopkeeper, works with hands
Market Place Man: Economic success . Tangible goods are evidence of success.
Urban Business man.
Becomes the standard that other men are judged.
Hegemonic Masculinity: Dominance
Four Components of Masculinity:
No sissy stuff: Chief component
Be a big wheel (The boss, have power and wealth)
Be a sturdy oak: Don’t show emotions and remain calm in a crisis.
Give ‘em hell: Be daring and aggressive. Take risks.
Men try to prove their masculinity to other men. By possessing women they can be seen as
more of a man.
Homophobia: Hostility towards gays.
To call someone else gay is to reaffirm your own man hood.
Exaggerating the components makes others not assume they don’t meet up to the
Belief in male superiority.
“The Social Construction of Sexuality” (Ruth Hubbard)
When kids read adolescence the culture pressures them into heterosexual activity.