Continued from last lecture
Phrenology: The skull is indicative of things like intelligence and character.
Craniometry: The measurement of the skull.
Ex. At Ellis they had measurement units to measure heads. These measurements were
used to generalize about groups of people.
The 1924 Immigration Act
A quota system to limit immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe.
Racism implemented in law
Overturned in 1965
Poverty in the United States
The U.S. has the one of the highest childhood poverty rate in the world for a country of it’s class.
1 in five children are living in poverty.
As of 2011 16% of the population was living in poverty
o Causes (Class discussion):
Displaced workers of automotive companies due to industrialization
Bad role models
Unstable home lives
One earner for a large house hold
Unequal distribution of wealth
Cost of living
People aren’t presentable
Dependent on parents
Skewed task system
Underclass families have more children
Middle class is disappearing
Lack of educational opportunity
“Deconstructing the Underclass”
Deserving poor vs. Undeserving Poor
Deserving Poor: Lack work ethic and motivation.
Undeserving Poor: Their poor is not a reflection of their ability to succeed.
Culture of Poverty: Perpetuated poverty generation after generation
A present orientation
Fatalistic view of the world: People feel they are stuck in their economic class
Abandonment of wives and children
Use of violence to settle disputes
Critique: This explains the effects not the causes of poverty C.P. Ellis
Worked hard long hours to make ends meet. He got married and one of his children was born
with a disability. He tried to make ends meet but the costs of having a blind and deaf child were
To make himself feel accomplished, he joined the KKK. He blamed his hardships on blacks. His
father was a member of the Klan.
o The three vows that recruits had to make to the c