KIN 216 Lecture 3: Articulations

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26 Feb 2020
I. Functional classifications of joints
a. Synarthrosis
b. Amphiarthrosis
c. Diarthrosis
II. Structural classifications of joints
a. Fibrous
i. Suture
ii. Syndesmosis
iii. Gomphosis
b. Cartilaginous
i. Synchondrosis
ii. Symphysis
c. Synovial
i. General structural characteristics
1. Articular cartilage
2. Joint (synovial) cavity
3. Articular capsule
4. Synovial fluid
5. Ligaments
6. Nerves and vessels
ii. Special structural characteristics
1. Articular disc (meniscus)
2. Bursa
3. Tendon sheath
iii. Types
1. Plane
2. Hinge
3. Pivot
4. Condyloid
5. Saddle
6. Ball and socket
iv. Movements
1. Gliding
2. Angular
a. Flexion
b. Extension
c. Abduction
d. Adduction
e. Circumduction
3. Rotation
v. Special movements
1. Pronation
2. Supination
3. Dorsiflexion
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