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Class Notes for Linguistics at Michigan State University

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LIN 291 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Cognitive Revolution, Noam Chomsky, B. F. Skinner

9. Animal cognition Reading assignment (hunt and chitka vs popular article) assignment: mini term paper- compare and contrast the pieces (1 pg minimum) Recall our biases: • Skepticism v cynicism • Theory of mind...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 291 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Herd Mentality, Great White Shark, Estrous Cycle

5. Domestication pt 2 Domestication- the process of selectively breeding tamed wild animals to fit our needs Taming- conditioning a wile animal to have a positive disposition towards humans. Domestication of plants and an...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 291 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Banteng, Bezoar, Water Buffalo

4. Domestication pt 1 Hypothesis: 1. Animals were an integral part of a culture succeeding and continuing over other surrounding cultures 2. The dominant cultures propagated the dominant mindset of animal behavi...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 291 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Andrew Wakefield, List Of Cognitive Biases, Null Hypothesis

6. How to be a good scientist Baader-meinhof effect (frequency illusion)- tendency where newly gained information starts up to pop up much more frequenently/become more salient in observation The scientific method: a tec...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 291 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Foxp2, Temporal Lobe, Pseudoscience

8. Origins of language: pt 2 DNA - hereditary material in living creatures Gene - the basic physical and functional unit of heredity Chromosome - package of DNA FOXP2 - a protein found in humans as part of the whole FOXP...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 291 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Paleoanthropology, Modeling Language, Indo

7. The origins of language: biological/cognitive perspectives 3 core questions: 1. Where did language come from? 2. Are there biological/cognitive/cultural requirements to having language? 3. Plato's problem: how ...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 291 Lecture 3: LIN291 Notes 3

3. Animals, mythology, and religion pt 2 A paradox: on the one hand, we have a connection to animals, we recognize that they are special, we revere them. But we also kill animals, put them in zoos, domesticate them, test t...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 291 Lecture 2: LIN291 Notes 2

2. Animals, mythology, and religion pt 1 Summary of this class: culture is heavily influenced by environment, and animal exist in almost every environment. Common traits of storiesmythsreligions include justification for h...

Linguistics
LIN 291
Kelly
LIN 437 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Implicature, Intension, Stephen Hawking

find more resources at oneclass.com Lecture 1: Introduction Wednesday, August 31, 20110:30 PM • How do we precisely characterize meaning? ○ Richard Montague: philosopher (late sixties, early seventies),brings at...

Linguistics
LIN 437
Morzycki Marcin
LIN 401 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Affricate Consonant, Vocal Folds, Postalveolar Consonant

Consonants Voicing or phonation - Whether the glottis is vibrating or not - Not vibrating = voiceless sound - the vocal folds a...

Linguistics
LIN 401
Marisa Brook
LIN 401 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Shang Dynasty, Alice Kober, Maya Script

Orthogra​phy - a technical term for a writing system Written down language before writing: - Numbers - Pictograms (cave drawings) - Pictograms are ​iconic ​- ​they resemble what they represent and r...

Linguistics
LIN 401
Marisa Brook
LIN 401 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Deixis, Dyslexia, Neurology

Reading and writing extend our ability to use language! - They were developed independently by several different cultures (Mayans, Egyptians, and Chinese) Reading and writi...

Linguistics
LIN 401
Marisa Brook
LIN 401 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Paul Broca, Diffusion Mri, Aphasia

Neuroimag ​ ing - a way to study the brain non-invasively fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imag​ing) - measure blood flow within the brain...corresponds to where neurons are active. ...

Linguistics
LIN 401
Marisa Brook
LIN 401 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Short-Term Memory, Parsing, Phoneme

Language Percep​tion - Begins with an auditory signal (spoken languages) or a visual signal (sign languages). Parts of signals - Pitch - high or low - Intensity ...

Linguistics
LIN 401
Marisa Brook
LIN 401 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Jean Berko Gleason, Language Development, Neurotypical

Language acquisition - based on social interaction and language exposure, but supported by powerful neurological systems. - Language development needs to be activated. Poverty of the stimulus - adults use a lot of s...

Linguistics
LIN 401
Marisa Brook
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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