MC 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Martha Nussbaum, Deng Xiaoping, David Frum

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8 Feb 2017

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Free Trade as Cosmopolitan Citizenship
Two perspectives on Global Citizenship
o Martha Nussbaum makes an argument about justice: there is a moral obligation
to care for universal human rights.
We should gie ou fist allegiae to o ee fo of government, no temporal
power, but to the moral community made up by the humanity of all human
eigs Nussbaum, section II paragraph 2).
o The readings by Andre Shleifer and David Frum are about economics: private
enterprise, free trade, and the global economy.
Billios of people i Asia hae ee lifted out of poet due to eooi goth
(Shleifer, page 125).
o The Age of Milton Friedman
The case for free trade: rising prosperity around the world, closer relations
and peace between countries, and common global citizenship
o Why Americans Are turning against free trade
Free trade does not benefit all people equally, and it harms some people,
including some American manufacturing workers
A growing number of Americans reject free trade and cosmopolitan ideals
This is because amazon and target sell goods made in US and goods
made in china on the same shelf and because the ones made in
china is cheaper, they are demanded more and people are laid off
in the United states and businesses shut
Outline of the lecture
o Human welfare: gains in human rights around the world
o Public policy: how did governments improve the lives of their citizens?
o Debates:
Free trade and American politics
Critiques of free markets
Global Human Welfare
o Think about the world and thinking about the last 50 years, do you think the world
has gotten better? Stayed the same? or gotten worse? Everyone said it has gotten
o Graphs 1 to 6 show that this is wrong and things have improved.
Decline in poverty
Health and life expectancy
Freedom and individual rights
Global poverty
Public Policy
o Figures 7 through 11 analyze political and economic reforms during the last
decades of the twentieth century.
o China: Deng Xiaoping introduces private property starting in 1978.
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