Class Notes (839,267)
United States (325,904)
PLS 100 (23)
All (22)
Lecture 8

PLS100 Lecture 8

4 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
PLS 100

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Chapter 8: The Bureaucracy Development *Constitution said little *Congress initially established 3 departments -Treasury -Foreign Affairs -War *Departments divided into bureaus *Appointed officials to lead them *Shared power to appoint, but president can remove *Dilemmas of Delegation: Congress -Power of the purse *President -Principal-agent problem (ch.1) -Selection criteria; punishments and rewards Civil Service *Spoils system (“to the victors go the spoils”, helping those who helped you get elected) *Bureaucratization -Weber’s model bureaucracy -Hierarchy, division of labor, rules, impersonality, etc. -Red tape, highly impersonal, strict adherence to the rules Civil Service Reform *No career system *Country needed experts, not novices *Pendleton Act (1883) -Basis of the modern civil service -Merit system -Presidents expand via executive orders Bureaucratic Problems *Non-responsiveness *Difficult to punish -Hidden action -Hidden information Expansion of Government *Civil War & New Deal *Delegation from Congress and the president -Why continue to empower the bureaucracy? -Large-scale tasks -Exploit exploit expertise -Avoid blame -Stable policy -Swift, coordinated action The Cabinet *By 1849: Treasury, State, Navy, War, Interior *1879: Department of Justice *Clientele agencies -Agriculture -Labor -Commerce *Not serve general social purposes but interests of a particular constituency *1947: Department of Defense -Military establishment -Emergence of US as superpower *1979: Health and Human Services -Social welfare programs *Housing and Urban Development Department -JFK, LBJ: Revitalizing inner cities *Department of Transportation -Home of agencies established piecemeal to promote different types of transport *Department of Energy -Another effort to coordinate policy, this time for energy *Education and Veterans Affairs -Symbolic gestures *Homeland Security -Inspired by terrorist attacks (est. 2002) -Combines 22 agencies Non-Cabinet Agencies *Independent executive agencies -Placed outside departments -May report directly to the president
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.