Lecture 10: Separation of Powers
-What behavior is acceptable?
-What are the players’ plans of action?
*Winning and losing
-What is at stake and who gets it?
*Articulate the national purpose
*Focus attention and energy on 2 or 3 top priorities
*Congress vs. President
*”Blame game” instead of competing to solve problems, politicians engage in actions to make
their side look good & the other side look bad
*Focusing attention, but not problem solving
*Ex. Budget arguments
*Build popular support
*Tout personal traits and accomplishments to amass power to be able to use authority
*President vs. individual Congress members (not so much Congress as an institution)
*Build coalitions and make them work
*Transaction costs vs. conformity costs
*Spans all institutions
Congress vs. President
*President as legislator
-Propose legislation (agenda game)
*Height of Presidential power = 1960’s
-War Powers Act
-Budget and Impoundment (refusal of President to spend money that
Congress has appropriated)
*President’s Strategic position
-Electoral triumph -Party relations
Congress vs. Bureaucracy
-Congress or President in charge of bureaucracy?
*Coalition game: who can get the bureaucrats on their side?
President vs. Bureaucracy