- Psychology is inherently political
What is “normal?”
Ways of defining ‘abnormal’:
- something outside of the social norms in a circumstance
- use ourselves and our opinions to decide whether it is abnormal or not
1. statistically anomalous (rare/doesn’t happen often)
2. defying social norms/culturally unacceptable
3. suffering/personal distress
5. misperceiving reality
7. harmful to self
- a psychological dysfunction associated with distress of impairment in functioning that is not
typical nor culturally expected
- psychological disorder
- person-first language
- person with Schizophrenia v. Schizophrenic
- important to remember that they are a human being before a psychological disorder
Case of CJ:
- how old is he? (age matters) (normal: very young & very old)
- why is he there? (scared of something/locked in)
- is he sober?
- does he have any pre-existing conditions? (sick/other disorders/psychological maturity/physical
- how often does this happen?
- does he sleep walk?
- is he on a medication that may affect his mental state/makes him sick?
- is there a toilet in the closet?
- are we talking about a human being? (new puppy)
- is he modeling someone else’s behavior?
- was there a recent traumatic event?
- important to get CJ’s explanation (what is his response when found doing it?)
Historical approaches to defining abnormality:
- major psychological disorders have existed
- in all cultures and across all time periods
- causes and treatment of abnormal behavior vary - across cultures and time periods
- depended on prevailing paradigms or world views
- influential historical approaches include:
- Supernatural Model
- early medical models (e.g., “Humors”)
- The Reform Movement