History of Videogames TC 101.docx

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TC 101

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History of Videogames TC 101 2/19/2013 7:20:00 AM Recent Stats Half of all adults play 1 in 5 play on a daily basis 75% of video game players +18 Average age: 35 1/3 of adult gamers play for +10 hours/week Only 11% of teens play that much Female game players outnumber males in the 24-35 age group Historical context of the emergence of videogames  Cold war and space race  Rebellious and hacker culture, youth culture, women’s liberation  Controllability and predictability  Simulation and military computation: Push the button, Frank The Fist Games – Thank the Military!  Who invented the first digital game/video game?  1947: CRT Amusement Device o Thomas Goldsmith and Estle Ray Mann  1958: William Higginbotham’s Tennis for Two  1952: A.S. Douglas’ Noughts and crosses game o Tic, Tac, Toe  1961: Steve Russell’s SpaceWar o First shooter o Onto first commercially available computers Super Mario Nation  Computers in the 1960s Commercialization  Ralph Baer, Magnavox Odyssey, 1972 (invented in 1968).  Nolan Bushnell, Atari (name comes from the Go game). o 1971 Arcade game: Computer Space (failed) o Arcade Pong o 1975 Home console Pong o 1977: Atari 2600 More History  Crude graphics and text-based  Early Online game play o Text-based: Multi Users Dungeon (MUD)  Precursors to Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPG’s)  “A rape in Cyberspace” – people would create characters and legitamently ruin the game by one player raping another via character The Golden Age  1978/9-1982  Space Invaders and Asteroids invade  Pac-Man Fever o 20 Billion in quarters o 2x revenue of Vegas casinos  Donkey Kong- Nintendo The Fall of Atari
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