3.17.14.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHRO 3560
Professor
Sattenspiel
Semester
Spring

Description
Plagues and Peoples 03/17/2014 Most important diseases  Malaria Trypanosomiasis Yellow fever Dysentery and other diarrheal diseases  Cholera  TB  Hawaii, New Zealand, and other Pacific islands Different populations were affected differently upon initial contact  Massive population losses in Hawaii, Tahiti, and the Marquesas  New Zealand suffered lower rate of loss Samoa and Tonga lost little or no population Differences were related to the intensity of European contact  May have also been related to who colonized the populations Hawaii and New Zealand were settled by Europeans and Americans who overwhelmed indigenous peoples  Samoa, Tonga, and Tahiti became colonial outposts with much smaller European populations  Syphilis The origin  Venereal syphilis   Treponema pallidum pallidum Primary syphilis  Incubation period 10­90 days (avg. 21) Initial symptom is chancre, which heals spontaneously in 3­6 weeks  Secondary stage Rash that usually doesn’t itch Rough red, or reddish brown spots really anywhere on body  Fever, headache, many other symptoms, most of which are flu­like  Patchy hair loss, hair loss, muscle aches  Pathogen itself is easily transmitted sexually during primary and secondary stage  Can also be transmitted congenitally  Latent stage  Begins when secondary symptoms disappear and may last for many years  Many damage internal organs even though Inapparent  Tertiary syphilis  Neurological and cardiovascular symptoms  May affect bones  May result in death  Yaws Treponema pallidum pertenue  Found worldwide in mostly tropical regions  Primary lesion occurs most commonly on legs  Infection becomes generalized producing skin lesions that can last for several months  Bony involvement can lead to early bone pain  Symptoms may l
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