AR_H_A 3310 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Contrapposto, Riace, Pediment

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30 May 2016
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Akragas (modern sicily) temple of olympian zeus, 480-406
-no axial door like a typical temple, doors in corners instead
-most of the doric column isnt free standing,, ionic bases
-weird platform, figures are telamons, kind of in an atlas pose, carthaginian prisoners?
Characteristics of the severe style:
-simplification of anatomy, hair, and dress
-reduction of surface detail
-loss of archaic smile
-interest in different ages and states of mind
-preference for bronze scultpure over stone
-interest in action poses
-interest in the “here and now” as opposed to eternal patterns
Delphi Charioteer, c. 475 bce
-victory dedication by sicilian tyrant polyzalos of gela
-part of a larger grouping
-a moment of victory, we’re supposed to imagine the victory lap, shows humility before gods
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Statue of a victor; motya, sicily; c. 450 bce
-marble
-the head is quite severe so we know what era is from
-people think it might be a charioteer, or a musician, dancer, priest of Melqart, actor, tyrant
Gelon
Zeus from the sea off Cape Artemisium, c.470
-super iconic
-in national museum of athens
-only about 7 feet tall
-about to hurl a thunderbolt and so it seems to need a lot of space
-made in the same piecemeal method
--sometimes described as a starfish pose\
-the whole thing is not all that realistic, even though it’s very naturalistic
-pretty two dimensional
-bronze bc you can do so much more for bronze bc marble is too delicate, has a strength that
can support itself internally
-bronze bc it helps with action poses
-hurling a thunderbolt, lots of zeus images in this era showed this same pose
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