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PSYCH 2410 (33)
van Marle (33)

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PSYCH 2410
van Marle

Quine’s Problem – There is an infinite number of solutions to the language problem of what a specific word means Factors that aid in word-learning 1. Biases a. Whole object bias: word refers to whole object, not part or action or property b. Shape bias: generalize a novel word to objects of the same shape 2. Fast mapping a. Can learn word after even just one exposure b. Example of “trasp” 3. Mutual exclusivity a. Assumption that a given entity will have only one name b. Learn new word by contrasting with a familiar word c. Also called, LEXICAL CONTRAST d. Assumption that random word is not representing duck 4. Social pragmatics a. Paying attention to social cues b. Role of ToM in language acquisition c. “see the tugboat” 5. Linguistic context a. Syntactic form (noun, verb) influences interpretation i. “sib” – the container ii. “sibbing” – the action iii. “Some sib” – the substance in the container Combining Words Telegraphic speech: lacks nonessential elements • “give juice” , “more candy” Grammar • Generate endings to novel words (“wugs”) • Make over regularization errors (he goed to the store): treating irregular words as regular Scale Errors • Kids sitting on toy cars wa
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